Bangladesh, India brace for Amphan – biggest cyclone in 20 years

A powerful cyclone has pounded eastern India and Bangladesh, killing at least 14 people and destroying thousands of homes, officials said, leaving authorities struggling to mount relief efforts amid a surging coronavirus outbreak.

“The situation is more worrying than the coronavirus pandemic. We don’t know how to handle it,” Mamata Banerjee, chief minister of West Bengal – the worst-hit Indian state – told reporters late on Wednesday.

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Banerjee said at least 10 people had died in the state, and two districts been completely battered by one of the strongest storms to hit the region in several years, Reuters news agency reported.

“Area after area has been devastated. Communications are disrupted,” she said, adding that although 500,000 people had been evacuated, state authorities had not entirely anticipated the ferocity of the storm.

In West Bengal’s capital city, Kolkata, strong winds upturned cars and felled trees and electricity poles. Parts of the city were plunged into darkness.

In neighbouring Bangladesh, at least four people were killed, officials said, with power supplies cut off in some districts.

Authorities there had shifted around 2.4 million people to more than 15,000 storm shelters this week.

Bangladeshi officials also said they had moved hundreds of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, living on a flood-prone island in the Bay of Bengal, to shelter.

The region, with 58 million people in the two bordering countries, has some of the most vulnerable communities in South Asia: poor fishing communities in the Sunderbans and over a million Rohingya refugees living in crowded camps in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh.

Residents walk along a street heading to a shelter ahead of Amphan’s landfall in Bangladesh’s Khulna district [Munir uz Zaman/AFP]

‘Everything is destroyed’

Houses “look like they have been run over by a bulldozer,” said Babul Mondal, 35, a villager on the edge of the Sunderbans, a vast mangrove forest area home to India’s biggest tiger population.

“Everything is destroyed.”

Cyclone Amphan began moving inland with winds gusting up to 185kph (119 miles an hour), Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, director general of the India Meteorological Department, told reporters.

Mohapatra said the storm surge could rise to around five metres in the Sundarbans delta, home to around four million people.

“Our estimate is that some areas 10-15 kilometres from the coast could be inundated,” Mohapatra said.

Coconut trees swayed wildly, electric poles lay scattered on the roads of Kolkata, rain pounded fishing villages, and rivers surged as the storm battered the coast.

Physical distancing ditched as people gather at a shelter for protection before Amphan makes its landfall in Satkhira district of Bangladesh [Reuters]

‘Next 24 hours crucial’

“The next 24 hours are very crucial. This is a long haul,” said Mohapatra.

Al Jazeera’s Tanvir Chowdhury, reporting from Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka, said the storm is crossing into the country’s southwestern coastal region, hitting the Sundarbans forest adjoining India.

“We have got reports from some of our contacts in those areas saying water level is rising in the low delta areas. A lot of houses have been washed away,” he said.

“We will know the effect of the storm probably by tomorrow… Power lines are going to snap.”

Amphan is the first “super cyclone” to form over the Bay of Bengal since 1999.

The Indian weather department forecast a storm surge of 10 to 16-foot (3-4 metre) waves – as high as a two-storey house – that could swamp mud dwellings along the coast, uproot communication towers and inundate roads and railway tracks.

There will be extensive damage to standing crops and plantations in the states of West Bengal and Odisha, the weather service said in a bulletin.

Authorities were hastily repurposing quarantine facilities for the looming cyclone soon after easing the world’s biggest lockdown against the coronavirus.

India has reported more than 100,000 cases with 3,163 deaths.

A woman tries to protect her son from heavy rain in Kolkata while they rush to a safer place following their evacuation from a slum area before Amphan makes landfall [Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters]

Rohingya refugees vulnerable

In neighbouring Bangladesh, officials said the cyclone could set off tidal waves and heavy rainfall, unleashing floods in areas close to refugee camps housing more than a million Rohingya in flimsy shelters.

The UN said food, tarpaulins and water purification tablets had been stockpiled, while authorities said the refugees would be moved to sturdier buildings if needed.

“We are fully prepared. But right now, there is no need to take them to cyclone shelters,” said Mahbub Alam Talukder, Bangladesh’s refugee commissioner.

Authorities in Bangladesh have also moved hundreds of Rohingya refugees living on a flood-prone island in the Bay of Bengal to storm shelters.

The first coronavirus cases were reported in the teeming Rohingya camps last week, and by Tuesday there were six confirmed infections.

Al Jazeera’s Tanvir Chowdhury said the cyclone is a “clear danger” for the refugees during the pandemic.

“If the storm actually hits, it’s only five kilometres from the coastal area of Cox’s Bazaar,” he said, referring to the district hosting the camps.

Bangladesh’s low-lying coast, home to 30 million people, and India’s east are regularly battered by cyclones that have claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in recent decades.

The eastern Indian state of Odisha was hit by a super cyclone that left nearly 10,000 dead in 1999, eight years after a typhoon, tornadoes and flooding killed 139,000 in Bangladesh.

In 1970, Cyclone Bhola killed half a million people.

SOURCE:
Al Jazeera and news agencies

News Source : Al Jazeera English

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